Bibliography on Retention Issues
Selected Recent Bibliography on Child Welfare Worker Retention
Prepared by Kristin Claypoole (March 2015)
Updated by Dru Sanchez (July 2017)
Aarons, G.A., Fettes, D.L., Sommerfield, D.H., & Palinkas, L.A. (2011). Mixed methods for implementation research: Application to evidence-based practice implementation and staff turnover in community-based organization providing child welfare services. Child Maltreatment, 17 (1), 67- 79.
Augsberger, A., Schudrich, W., McGowan, B.G., & Auerbach, C. (2012). Respect in the workplace: A mixed methods study of retention and turnover in the voluntary child welfare sector. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (7), 1222- 1229.
Ausbrooks, A. R., Benton, A. D., Smith, R. & Wildberger, M. S. (2014). Facilitating ethical decisions in practice: The professionalization efforts of one Title IV-E collaboration. Child Welfare, 93 (2), 75-90.
Benton, A. (2016). Understanding the diverging paths of stayers and leavers: An examination of factors predicting worker retention. Children and Youth Services Review, 65, 70-77.
Blakeslee, J.E., Del Quest, A., Powers, J., Powers, L.E., Geenen, S., Nelson, M., Dalton, L.D., &
McHugh, E. (2013). Reaching everyone: Promoting the inclusion of youth with disabilities in evaluating foster care outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 35 (11), 1801- 1808.
Brimhall, K.B., Lizano, E.L., & Mor Barak, M.E. (2014). The mediating role of inclusion: A longitudinal study of the effects of leader-member exchange and diversity climate on job satisfaction and intention to leave among child welfare workers. Children and Youth Services Review, 40, 79- 88.
Burns, K. & Christie, A. (2013). Employment mobility or turnover? An analysis of child welfare and protection employee retention. Children and Youth Services Review, 35(2), 340- 346.
Chavkin, N. F., & Lee, A. (2007). A national survey of Title IV-E evaluations: Lessons learned and recommendations for the future. Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education, 10 (2), 36-46.
Chavkin, N. F. & Sallee, A. (2012). Lessons learned from the Title IV-E Roundtable and implications for future practice, policy, and research on partnerships with the Children’s Bureau and state agencies. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 6(4), 390-404.
Chen, Y., Park, J., & Park, A. (2012). Existence, relatedness, or growth? Examining turnover intention of public child welfare caseworkers from a human needs approach. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (10), 2088- 2093.
Chenot, D., Boutakidis, I., & Benton, A.D. (2014). Equity and fairness perceptions in the child welfare workforce. Children and Youth Services Review, 44, 400-406.
Cherry, D., Dalton, B., & Dugan, A. (2014). Self-efficacy in newly hired child welfare workers.
Advances in Social Work, 15 (2), 318- 333.
Clark, S.J., Smith, R.J., & Uota, K. (2013). Professional development opportunities as retention incentives in child welfare. Children and Youth Services Review, 35 (10), 1687- 1697.
Collins-Camargo, C., Ellett, C.D., & Lester, C. (2012). Measuring organizational effectiveness to develop strategies to promote retention in public child welfare. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (1), 289- 295.
Cross, S. L., Day, A., Gogliotti, L. J., & Pung, J. J. (2013). Challenges to recruit and retain American Indian and Alaskan Natives into social work programs: The impact on the child welfare workforce. Child Welfare, 92 (4), 31-53.
Ellett, A. J. & Harris, N. (2012). U. S. Children’s Bureau collaboration with schools of social work: Professionalizing and improving child welfare. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 6 (4), 355-356.
Geiger, J.M., Hayes, M.J., & Lietz, C.A. (2013). Should I stay or should I go? A mixed methods study examining the factors influencing foster parents’ decisions to continue or discontinue providing foster care. Children and Youth Services Review, 35 (9), 1356- 1365.
Gordon, D.M., Oliveros, A., Hawes, S.W., Iwamoto, D.K., & Rayford, B.S. (2012). Engaging factors in child protection services: A review of factors and strategies across ecological systems. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (8), 1399- 1417.
Hartinger-Saunders, R. M. & Lyons, P. (2013). Social work education and public child welfare: A review of the peer-reviewed literature on Title IV-E funded programs. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 7, 275-297.
Heavey, A. L., Holwerda, J. A., & Hausknecht, J. P. (2013). Causes and consequences of collective turnover: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(3), 412-453. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0032380
Hebert, C., Kulkin, H.S., & McLean, M. (2013). Grief and foster parents: How do foster parents feel when a foster child leaves their home? Adoption and Fostering, 37 (3), 253- 267.
Hong, S. and Piescher, K. (2012). The role of supportive housing in homeless children’s well-being: An investigation of child welfare and educational outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (8), 1440- 1447.
Hwang, J. and Hopkins, K.M. (2015). A structural model of the effects of diversity characteristics and inclusion on organizational outcomes in the child welfare workforce. Children and Youth Services Review, 50, 44- 52.
Hyosu, K. and Kao, D. (2014). A meta-analysis of turnover intention predictors among U.S. child welfare workers. Children and Youth Services Review, 47 (3), 214- 223.
Johnco, C., Salloum, A., Olson, K.R., & Edwards, L.M. (2014). Child welfare workers’ perspectives on contributing factors to retention and turnover: Recommendations for improvement. Children and Youth Services Review, 47 (3), 397- 407.
Landsman, M. (2007). Supporting child welfare supervisors to improve worker retention. Child Welfare, 86(2), 105-124.
Leung, P., Brown, K., Chavkin, N., Fong, R., & Urwin, C. (2010). Retention of Title IV-E and non-Title IV-E child protective service practitioners. Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education, 13 (1), 16-26.
Leung, P., & Willis, N. (2012). The impact of Title IV-E training on case outcomes for children serviced by CPS. Journal of Family Strengths, 12(1), Article 9, 1-16.
Lonne, B., Harries, M., & Lantz, S. (2013). Workforce development: A pathway to reforming child protection systems in Australia. British Journal of Social Work, 43 (8), 1630-1648.
Madden, E.E., Scannapieco, M., & Painter, K. (2014). An examination of retention and length of employment among public child welfare workers. Children and Youth Services Review, 41, 37- 44.
Mason, S.E., LaPorte, H.H., Bronstein, L., & Auerbach, C. (2012). Child welfare workers’ perceptions of the value of social work education. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (9), 1735- 1741.
Mathias, C. & Benton, A. (2011). Social justice through the education of a rural child welfare workforce. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 5 (2-3), 282-296.
Norgate, R., Warhurst, A., Osborne, C., & Traill, M. (2012). Social workers' perspectives on the placement instability of looked after children. Adoption & Fostering, 36 (2), 4-18.
Park, T., & Shaw, J. D. (2013). Turnover rates and organizational performance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(2), 268-309. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0030723
Peters, C.M. (2012). Examining regional variation in extending foster care beyond 18: Evidence from Illinois. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (9), 1709- 1719.
Rheaume, H., Collins, M. E., & Amodeo, M. (2011). University/Agency IV-E partnerships for professional education and training: Perspectives from the states. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 5, 481-500.
Salazar, A. M. (2012). Supporting college success in foster care alumni: Salient factors related to postsecondary retention. Child Welfare, 91 (5), 139-167.
Searle, R. H., & Patent, V. (2013). Recruitment, retention and role slumping in child protection: The evaluation of in-service training initiatives. British Journal of Social Work, 43 (6), 1111-1129.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2016). Child welfare outcomes 2010-2013: Report to Congress: Executive Summary. Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/cb/cwo10_13_exesum.pdf
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2016). Job openings and labor turnover- January 2016 (USDL Publication No. 16-0519). Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/jolts.pdf
Webb, C. M., & Carpenter, J. (2012). What can be done to promote the retention of social workers? A systematic review of interventions. British Journal of Social Work, 42 (7), 1235-1255.
Wilke, D. J., Radey, M., & Langenderfer-Magruder, L. (2017). Recruitment and retention of child welfare workers in longitudinal research: Successful strategies from the Florida Study of Professionals for Safe Families. Children and Youth Services Review, 78, 122-128.
Willis, N. (2010). Using systems theory & social exchange theory to understand factors that impact retention, turnover and motivation to work in a public child welfare agency (Doctoral dissertation). University of Houston, Graduate College of Social Work, Houston, TX.
Willis, N., Leung, P., & Chavkin, N. (2016). Opportunities for a new dialogue about professional development through title IV-E training: Unexpected results and goodness of fit. Professional Devlopment: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education, 19(2), 38-53.
Willis, N., Chavkin, N., & Leung, P. (2016). Finding “health” and “meaning” in Texas-sized turnover: application of seminal management principles for administration and research in U.S. public child welfare agencies. Advances in Social Work, 17(2), 116-133.
Zeitlin, W., Augsberger, A., Auerbach, C., & McGowan, B. (2014). A mixed-methods study of the impact of organizational culture on workforce retention in child welfare. Children and Youth Services Review, 38, 36- 43.
Zlotnik, J.L. and Pryce J.A. (2013). Status of the use of Title IV-E funding in BSW and MSW programs. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 7 (4), 430-446.